my mother said to me,
‘If you become a soldier,
you’ll be a general.
If you become a monk,
you’ll end up as the pope.’
Instead I became a painter
and wound up as Picasso.”
- On October 25, 1881, Pablo Picasso was born.
- Pablo Picasso was born as Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Crispiniano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso.
- Picasso’s name is a series of the names of saints and relatives.
- Picasso was born in Spain in the city of Málaga in the Andalusian region.
- Pablo Picasso was the first child of Don José Ruiz y Blasco and María Picasso y López.
- Don José Ruiz, Pablo Picasso’s father, was a painter who specialized in naturalistic depictions of birds and other game.
- Picasso’s family was middle-class.
the dust of everyday life.
- Picasso always had a passion for drawing and was skilled from a very early age.
- Picasso’s mother, María Picasso y López, said that his first words were “piz, piz” which was short for lápiz and that is the Spanish word for “pencil”.
- In 1890, Picasso received formal artistic training in figure drawing and oil painting. He became so preoccupied with his art that his school work suffered.
- In 1895, when Picasso was 13, his seven year old sister, Conchita, died of diphtheria and it left him traumatized.
to realize the truth.”
- After his sister, Conchita’s death, Picasso and his family moved to Barcelona. Picasso’s father, Don José Ruiz took a position at its School of Fine Arts.
- Picasso was accepted to the School of Fine Arts at age thirteen after taking completing his entrance exam in a week. The normal timing for this testing period was one month. Obviously, Pablo Picasso impressed the school officials.
- At age sixteen, Picasso attended Madrid’s Royal Academy of San Fernando which he stopped attending shortly after enrolling because he did not like formal education.
- Picasso made his first trip to Paris in 1900 which was considered the art capital of Europe.
- Picasso learned to speak French.
in order that I may learn how to do it.
- By the beginning of 1901, Picasso started signing his work and only signed his last name.
- In 1904, Picasso met Fernande Olivier, a Bohemian artist who appears in many of Picasso’s Rose period paintings and they became lovers.
- In 1905, Picasso met Henri Matisse who was a lifelong friend and rival.
- After Picasso acquired a bit of fame and fortune, he left his girlfriend, Fernande Olivier and entered a relationship with Marcelle Humbert.
- Marcelle Humbert was called Eva Gouel by Picasso and she was included in his Cubist works. Marcelle Humbert (Eva Gouel) died in 1915 at the age of thirty.
- Picasso married a ballerina named Olga Khokhlova in 1918.
- Picasso and Khokhlova had a son they named Paulo.
- Picasso’s marriage to Khokhlova did not last long, but he did not divorce her because that would have meant she would obtain half of his wealth. When Khokhlova died in 1955, she was still legally married to Picasso.
- In 1927, Picasso met 17-year-old Marie-Thérèse Walter and began a secret affair with her. With her, Picasso fathered a daughter with her, named Maya.
- Picasso also wrote poetry. Between 1935 and 1959 Picasso wrote over 300 poems that were mostly untitled except for an occasional date and location of where it was written.
- In 1944, Picasso began a romantic relationship and lived with a girl who was 40 years younger – Françoise Gilot.
- Picasso and Gilot had two children named Claude (1947) and Paloma (1949). She continued to hope that Picasso would marry her some day. However, after she had filed for divorce from her husband, PIcasso secretly married his second wife.
- In 1951, Picasso had a an affair with Geneviève Laporte even though he was still married to Gilot. The shocking thing about the affair was that Laporte was 44 years younger than Picasso!
- In 1961, Picasso married Jacqueline Roque and she was with him until his death.
- Picasso is considered one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. He was a painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer.
- Pablo Picasso is widely known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture and the co-invention of collage.
- In 1967, Picasso made a public sculpture in downtown Chicago call the Chicago Picasso. He donated it to the city of Chicago and would not accept payment. No one knows what the sculpture represents.
- On April 8, 1973, Pablo Picasso died in Mougins, France.
- Picasso’s final words were “Drink to me, drink to my health, you know I can’t drink any more.”
- Picasso was interred at the Chateau of Vauvenargues on a property he had acquired in 1958.
- Picasso had mistresses throughout his whole life even while he was married or living with someone.
– goddesses and doormats.”
- Picasso was married twice and had four children by three women.
- Four years after Picasso’s death, his mistress, Marie-Thérèse hanged herself and his wife, Jacqueline Roque, shot herself in 1986.
- Picasso’s work is divided into periods known as: the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period (1905–1907), the African-influenced Period (1908–1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919).
- Picasso’s Blue Period (1901–1904) are somber paintings mostly in shades of blue and blue-green colors.
- Picasso’s Rose Period (1904–1906) consist of happy orange and pink colors splashed on circus people, acrobats and harlequins which is the symbol by which he became known.
- Picasso’s African-influenced Period (1907–1909) was inspired by African artifacts.
- Pablo Picasso used monochrome brownish and neutral colors during his Analytic Cubism Period (1909–1912) which is when he took objects apart and analyzed their shapes.
- Picasso made collages from cut paper fragments such as wallpaper and newspapers during his Synthetic Cubism Period (1912–1919).
- One of Picasso’s most famous pieces is Guernca which is his depiction of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. When asked to explain this famous piece, Picasso said, “It isn’t up to the painter to define the symbols. Otherwise it would be better if he wrote them out in so many words! The public who look at the picture must interpret the symbols as they understand them.”
- It is estimated that Picasso produced 50,000 pieces of art which include paintings, sculptures, ceramics, drawings, prints, tapestries and rugs.
- Several paintings by Picasso rank among the most expensive paintings in the world. In US currency, Garçon à la pipe sold for $104 million in 2004; Dora Maar au Chat sold for $95.2 million in 2006; Nude, Green Leaves and Bust was sold at $106.5 million in 2010; the 1932 work, which depicts Marie-Thérèse Walter reclining and as a bust along with the rest of a personal collection was valued at over $150 million in 2010.
- More of Picasso’s paintings have been stolen than those of any other artist.
what you are willing to die
having left undone.”